Chondromalacia Patella

Chondromalacia is the most common cause of chronic knee pain. It develops due to the softening of the cartilage beneath the knee cap as a result of overuse, injury, or other factors.

The cartilage is a natural shock absorber which can erode as the knee cap rubs against the femur instead of gliding smoothly over the knee.

Symptoms:

  • Dull ache in the front of the knee
  • Increased pain when walking up or down stairs
  • Pain when kneeling or squatting
  • Pain after sitting for long periods of time
  • Grating or Grinding sensation when extending the knee
  • Knee stiffness

Common causes:

  • Muscle weakness or imbalances in quadriceps, hamstrings, or hip muscles
  • Overuse
  • Direct impact injury
  • Unusual alignment of the kneecap
  • Arthritis of the knee join
  • Gait deviations
  • Flat feet

Risk Factor:

  • Trauma to the kneecap, such as dislocation or fracture
  • Mal-alignment of the lower extremity
  • Wearing worn-out or ill-fitted shoes
  • Gender - occurs more commonly in females
  • Weakness of hip muscles, especially the muscles on the lateral aspect of the hip