Lumbago describes low back pain or discomfort. The pain can be described as acute, lasting from a few days to a few weeks, or chronic, lasting for months or longer.


  • Muscle ache
  • Shooting or stabbing pain
  • Pain that radiates into the buttocks, the back of the thigh, or to the groin
  • Limited flexibility or range of motion of the back
  • Inability to stand straight
  • Muscular spasm surrounding the spine causing the back to feel stiff and sore
  • Tingling sensation or numbness in the back, buttocks, or leg
  • Pain aggravated during movement, including bending forward, backward, side-to-side, or while rotating

Common causes:

  • Strained muscles and ligaments - resulting after a sudden awkward movement or from improper or heavy lifting
  • Bulging or ruptured disks - the soft material inside a disk may bulge out of place or rupture and add pressure to a nerve
  • Sciatica - sharp, shooting pain through the buttock and back of the leg caused by a herniated disk pressing on nerves that travels down the leg
  • Stenosis - narrowing of the space around the spinal cord
  • Osteoporosis - compression fractures of the spine's vertebrae can occur if bones become porous and brittle
  • Skeletal irregularities - abnormal spinal curvature where the upper back may be rounded or lower back may arch excessively

Risk Factor:

  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Older age
  • Physically strenuous work
  • Sedentary work
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Muscle imbalances
  • Core weakness
  • Improper ergonomics
  • Maintaining incorrect posture